Lịch sử tiền MPC (Military Payment Certificate) của Mỹ

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9PN
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Lịch sử tiền MPC (Military Payment Certificate) của

Post by 9PN » Wed 06 May, 2009 10:03 pm

http://www.papermoneyworld.net/usmpc/mp ... script.htm

[quote]

DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF MILITARY PAYMENT CERTIFICATES

The first issue of Untied States paper money that was generated by World War II, the HAWAII overprints, was released in July 1942. From then to the end of the war, several types of money issued by, under the authority of, or with the aid of the United States. These currencies were all interim measures to either protect the economy of the United States or an ally or to assist in the accomplishment of military objectives.

The need for special money continued after the shooting stopped, but the reasons were substantially different. The need was greatest in Germany, where American soldiers were stationed in great numbers. At that time the soldiers were paid in local currency. In this case they were paid in Allied military marks. Because of an unforeseen combination of circumstances, the Unites States was redeeming far more marks than were being disbursed each month. The resulting deficit (overdraft) reached $530,440.



Introduction of military payment certificates

Soon after the secretary of war approved the production of military payment certificates in June 1946, the Bureau of Engraving and Printing began its designing and printing tasks. By working extensive overtime, the bureau had the new military payment certificates ready so that the overseas theaters could meet their deadlines.

Conversion day in Europe was September 16, 1946. Before the actual conversions began, some previous ar­rangements had been made. At 6:00 pm on September 14 the European theater had lifted the top secret classification from C day and had proclaimed a moratorium for all official agencies for September 15. During this period while all monetary business was suspended, men began turning in their funds to personnel officers; the following day, C day, they began receiving their military payment certifi­cates, Series 461, in exchange. In Germany, Great Britain, Austria, Italy, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Luxembourg, Trieste, France, Switzerland, and North Africa, all personnel, military and civilians alike, exchanged their legitimately acquired foreign currencies for scrip.


Although these twelve areas were affected by the conversion to scrip, this phase of currency control was aimed primarily at Germany, where the Russian-printed Allied mili­tary marks had wreaked havoc with the Army's currency control program. The European theater used scrip in coun­tries other than Germany mainly as a matter of uniformity within the command and not through necessity. Approximately $59,000,000 in francs and marks were converted into scrip in France and Germany on C day.

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